78th Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

B.F. Scott Photo
Sgt. Benjamin F. Scott
Company B 78th OVVI
Killed in action July 22nd 1864
at the Battle of Atlanta
Image courtesy of Mike Willey.
Web Publishing Copyright © 1998 Larry Stevens

History

Organized January 11, 1862, under Colonel Mortimer D. Leggett, it entered the field at Fort Donelson in February. It participated in the battle of Shiloh under General Lew Wallace and moved with the army upon Corinth. After the evacuation it marched to Jackson, Tennessee, then to Grand Junction and back to Bolivar, where it operated against Rebel raids. It marched with Logan's Division to Iuka and afterwards joined Grant's expedition into Mississippi. In the spring of 1863 the Regiment moved down the Mississippi River and took part in the grand move in the rear of Vicksburg, fighting gallantly at Raymond, Champion Hills and during the siege. It moved upon Jackson and afterwards with Sherman to Meridian. In May, 1864, it entered the Atlanta campaign and fought gallantly all the way, especially on the 21st and 22d of July near Atlanta, where it lost over 200 men. Thirteen color bearers were killed and wounded in this battle. It marched to the sea, and through the Carolinas on to Richmond and Washington, and then to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out July 11, 1865.

Adam Shriver 78th OVI  Photo
Corporal Adam G. Shriver
Company H 78th OVVI
Killed in action July 22nd 1864
at the Battle of Atlanta
while guarding the colors
at Leggett's Hill
Image courtesy of E. Chris Evans.
Web Publishing Copyright © 2011 Larry Stevens

From Dyer's Compendium

78th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Zanesville, Ohio, October, 1861, to January, 1862, and mustered in January 11, 1862. Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, thence to Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 11-16. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, District of West Tennessee, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Unattached, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 16, 1862. Expedition toward Purdy and operations about Crump's Landing, Tenn., March 9-14. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Capture of Jackson June 7. Duty at Bethel and Grand Junction till August. Bolivar August 30. March to Iuka, Miss., September 1-19. Battle of Iuka September 19 (Reserve). Duty at Bolivar till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad. November 2, 1862, to January 20, 1863. Reconnoissances from LaGrange toward Colliersville November 5 and November 8-9. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 20, thence to Lake Providence, La., February 22, and to Milliken's Bend, La., April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Forty Hills and Hankinson's Ferry May 3-4. Battles of Raymond May 12; Jackson May 14; Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4, and duty there till February, 1864. Clinton July 16. Expedition to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2, 1863. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Regiment reenlisted January 5, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2, 1864. Baker's Creek February 5. Wyatt's February 13. Meridian February 14-15. Canton February 26. Veterans on furlough March and April. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., thence marched to Ackworth, Ga., May 5-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 8-September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Howell's Ferry July 5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Duty near Atlanta till October 15. Moved to Chattanooga, Tenn., and duty guarding railroad near Chattanooga till November 13. Little River, Ala., October 27. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Pocotaligo, S.C., January 14. Barker's Mills, Whippy Swamp, February 3. Orangeburg February 12-13. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and there mustered out July 11, 1865. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 71 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 280 Enlisted men by disease. Total 355.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated March 19 2011