78th Ohio Infantry
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- History of the 78th O.V.I., From its "Muster-in" to its "Muster-out"; comprising its Organization, Marches, Campaigns, Battles and Skirmishes. By Rev. Thomas M. Stevenson, Chaplain of the Regiment. Sold only by subscription. Published by Hugh Dunne. N. Fourth Street. Adjoining the Courthouse. Zanesville. Ohio. 1865
- The Prisoner of War, and How Treated. Containing a History of Colonel Streight's Expedition to the Rear of Bragg's Army, in the Spring of 1863, and a Correct Account of the Treatment and Condition of the Union Prisoners of War ... and History of Andersonville Prison Pen. by Lieutenant A.C. Roach, A.A.D.C. 251 pgs. Published by The Railroad City Publishing House, A.D. Streight, Proprietor. North East Corner Washington & Meridian Streets, Indianapolis, Ind. 1865. Pages 217-228 include an account by Pvt. Henry Milton Roach, Co. G. 78th OVI of his prison camp experiences.
- Roster of the Regimental Association 78th O.V.V.I. W.P. Gault, Secretary of the Association, Published With the Roster His Diary From Muster-in to Muster-out of the Regiment. NP. ND.
- National Tribune. Fight at Atlanta. Work of the 78th and 20th Ohio that Day. E.E. Nutt. 20th O.V.I. January 3, 1884
- National Tribune. The 78th Ohio at Bald Hill. W.S. Ayres. January 17, 1884. Atlanta
- National Tribune. The 78th Ohio in Close Quarters. J.L. Brown. February 21, 1884. Atlanta
- National Tribune. Champion's Hill. A Graphic Picture of a Most Exciting Time. W.S. Ayres 78th OVI, C.M. Fuller 78th OVI and M.B. Loop 68th OVI. September 11, 1884
- National Tribune. The First Troops to Enter Vicksburg. W.L. Ayers. January 29, 1885
- National Tribune. The 78th Ohio at Jackson, Tenn. C.M. Fuller. June 18, 1885. Jackson Tennessee. June 7, 1862
- National Tribune. The Excelsior Prize Drill. John F. Kennedy. May 6, 1886
- National Tribune. Who Burnt that Cotton Gin? E.S. Vernon. September 23, 1886. Mississippi. March, 1863
- Letter, June 28, 1864. John W.A. Gillespie. Captain Co. G. 78th O.V.V.I. Published in The Ohio Soldier Vol.I No.19. December 24th, 1887
- The Flag of the Seventy-Eighth. Brigadier General M.D. Leggett. August 7, 1864 letter concerning acts of 78th OVI color guard at July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta. In: Military History of Ohio. Illustrated in Editions by Counties. Soldiers Edition. ..... Muskingum County Edition. pg. 309. H.H. Hardesty Publisher. Toledo. 1888
- Roster of the Surviving Comrades of the 78th Regiment, O.V.V.I. in the United States Service: from October 24, 1861, to July 11, 1865: 2d Brigade, 3d Division, 17th Army Corps. The 78th Ohio Regimental Association. 12 pgs. The Courier Steam Printing House. Zanesville. Ohio. 1889. Call #'s: OCLC# 33415198. ISN/STD# .b43447740. Ohio State University Library. Ohio State University. Columbus. Ohio
- National Tribune. Only Little Things, But the Impressions Made by Them Still Linger With Us. J.P. Ross. April 23, 1890
- National Tribune. A Sergeant's Strategy. How He Stole Whiskey from the Commissary. J.P. Ross. June 26, 1890
- National Tribune. Capturing a Town, and a Subsequent Retreat in Good Order. J.P. Ross. August 28, 1890. Montezuma, Tenn. June, 1862
- National Tribune. Dodging Bullets. A Close Call for an Ohio Comrade at Atlanta. E.S. Vernon. September 3, 1890
- Battle of Atlanta. Lt. Colonel Gilbert D. Munson. 78th O.V.I. From: MOLLUS Ohio. Sketches of War History. Volume III. 1890. Also in: The Atlanta Papers. Kerksis, Wallace, Bearss. Morningside Bookshop Press. Dayton. Ohio. 1980
- National Tribune. The Position Held by the 17th Corps July 22. W.S. Ayres. July 23, 1891. Atlanta
- The 78th Ohio at Battle of Bald Hill. July 21 and 22, 1864. Hot Firing at Short Range. Stars and Stripes Captured and Retaken by Hand-to-Hand Fighting. W.S. Ayres. Company A, 78th O.V.V.I. pgs. 381-382. In: Camp and Field. Sketches of Army Life. Written by those who followed the Flag. '61-'65. Compiled by W.F. Hinman, Author of "Corporal Si Klegg and His Pard," etc. 704 pgs. The N.G. Hamilton Publishing Co. Cleveland, O. 1892. Thanks to L.M. Strayer for this reference
- National Tribune. July 22, 1864. Stories of Gen. Belknap and the Great Battle of Atlanta, Ga. J.P. Ross. April 14, 1892
- National Tribune. On Veteran Furlough. The Surrender of an Ohio Regiment Without a Shot Fired. J.P. Ross. December 14, 1893
- National Tribune. Battle of Bald Hill. W.S. Speer. August 22, 1895. Atlanta
- National Tribune. On Leggett's Hill. W.W. Porter. September 29, 1898. Atlanta
- National Tribune. Charging Up Brush Mountain. E.S. Vernon. November 16, 1899. Kenesaw Mt.
- National Tribune. Champion's Hill. Gen. John A. Logan in Command of the Third Division. J.W.A. Gillespie. August 22, 1901
- National Tribune. Journeying Dixieward. Experiences of a 78th Ohio Officer En Route to Fort Donelson. J.W.A. Gillespie. February 6, 1902
- National Tribune. Grant and Logan. A Reply to Dr. T.C. Murphy's Account of the Battle of Belmont. J.W.A. Gillespie. June 19, 1902. Belmont. Missouri
- National Tribune. A Letter from the Field. A Lieutenant's Observations at Fort Donelson and Dover. J.W.A. Gillespie. September 25, 1902
- National Tribune. Death of Gen. Polk. J.W.A. Gillespie. April 2, 1903
- National Tribune. Running the Batteries at Vicksburg. E.S. Vernon. March 23, 1905
- 78th Regiment Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry. Record by Sergeant Wm. P. Gault. pgs. 176-197. Ohio at Vicksburg. Report of the Ohio Vicksburg Battlefield Commission. by William P. Gault. Late Sergt. Co. F. 78th O.V.I. Secretary to the Commission. NP. Columbus? Ohio. 1906
- National Tribune. What Troops First Entered Columbia, S.C.? Edward S. Vernon. December 2, 1909
- National Tribune. As to Champion's Hill. J.W.A. Gillespie. May 5, 1910
- National Tribune. At Pocotaligo, S.C. E.S. Vernon. April 10, 1913
- National Tribune. Boarding Round. Kind Confederate Mother at Macon. Usual Reception by Wirz Emissaries at Andersonville. James P. Hartzell. January 13, 1916
- National Tribune. Sharpshooting at Vicksburg. E.S. Vernon. May 24, 1917
- National Tribune. Letter Written 69 Years Ago. Eli B. Cramblitt. May 4, 1933. July 14, 1864 Letter. Also published in National Tribune as "A Letter Written Many Years Ago." June 27, 1940
- George Hiram Coulson Papers. George Hiram Coulson. 1836-1864. 78th Ohio Regiment. Papers 1855-1867. 41 items. Manuscripts Dept. & Southern Historical Collection. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Library. University of North Carolina. Chapel Hill. North Carolina
- The Personal History of Capt. William Washington McCarty. 78th Ohio O.V.V.I.: February 10, 1862 - March 3, 1865. William Washington McCarty. Transcripts by B.T. and K.A. Lepper. 64 p. 28 cm. Includes index. 1984. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio
- Captain Cyrus Marion Roberts, 78th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and U.S. Army Signal Corps: Civil War Diaries. Cyrus Marion Roberts. 1839-1900. Transcribed by Bradley T. Lepper & Mary E. Lepper (Sweeten). 99 leaves. Includes bibliographical references. 1993. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- The 78th Ohio's Ox. by W.J. Frazier. Co. D. 78th Ohio. Coffeyville. Kansas. National Tribune. Washington D.C. April 21, 1910. Published in WWW format by Larry Stevens. Newark. Ohio. 1995
- Dick's Conflagration. by J.P.Ross. 78th Ohio. Indianola. Iowa. The National Tribune. Washington D.C. N.D. Published in WWW format by Larry Stevens. Newark. Ohio. 1995
- The Norman Brothers. by Larry Liggett and Larry Stevens. 1997
- A 78th OVI Page
- 78th OVI Monument. Vicksburg National Military Park. 3201 Clay Street. Vicksburg. MS. 39180. 1998
- Colors of the 78th O.V.I. Painting. Fight for the Colors. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio. 2000
- Correspondence of the Brothers Job[e] and Washington Sowers of the 78th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Compiled by Kaye Noce, great-great granddaughter of Washington Sowers. 131 leaves : port. ; 28 cm. Letters cover the period 1856-1882. Includes bibliographical references. NP. 2004. Genealogy Stacks E525.5 78th .C67 2004x c.2. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio
- Account of My Stay in Andersonville Prison from September 1864 to June 1865 as Related by Henry Milton Roach 78th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Henry Milton Roach. Co. G. 78th OVI. Compiled by Jerry D. Sills. 14 pgs. Images. Eagle Kat Publishing Co. Frazeysburg. Ohio. 2005
- Family Honor. Mortimer and Wells Leggett in the Civil War. Photos from the Collections of Larry Strayer and David Neville. pg. 28. Military Images. Export. PA. Volume XXVII. Number 1. July/August. 2005. All Ohio Issue
Sgt. Benjamin F. Scott
Company B 78th OVVI
Killed in action July 22nd 1864
at the Battle of Atlanta
Image courtesy of Mike Willey.
Web Publishing Copyright © 1998 Larry Stevens
HistoryOrganized January 11, 1862, under Colonel Mortimer D. Leggett, it entered the field at Fort Donelson in February. It participated in the battle of Shiloh under General Lew Wallace and moved with the army upon Corinth. After the evacuation it marched to Jackson, Tennessee, then to Grand Junction and back to Bolivar, where it operated against Rebel raids. It marched with Logan's Division to Iuka and afterwards joined Grant's expedition into Mississippi. In the spring of 1863 the Regiment moved down the Mississippi River and took part in the grand move in the rear of Vicksburg, fighting gallantly at Raymond, Champion Hills and during the siege. It moved upon Jackson and afterwards with Sherman to Meridian. In May, 1864, it entered the Atlanta campaign and fought gallantly all the way, especially on the 21st and 22d of July near Atlanta, where it lost over 200 men. Thirteen color bearers were killed and wounded in this battle. It marched to the sea, and through the Carolinas on to Richmond and Washington, and then to Louisville, Ky., where it was mustered out July 11, 1865.
Corporal Adam G. Shriver
Company H 78th OVVI
Killed in action July 22nd 1864
at the Battle of Atlanta
while guarding the colors
at Leggett's Hill
Image courtesy of E. Chris Evans.
Web Publishing Copyright © 2011 Larry Stevens
From Dyer's Compendium78th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Zanesville, Ohio, October, 1861, to January, 1862, and mustered in January 11, 1862. Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, thence to Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 11-16. Attached to 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, District of West Tennessee, to March, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1862. Unattached, District of Jackson, Tenn., to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 17th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Capture of Fort Donelson, Tenn., February 16, 1862. Expedition toward Purdy and operations about Crump's Landing, Tenn., March 9-14. Battle of Shiloh, Tenn., April 6-7. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Capture of Jackson June 7. Duty at Bethel and Grand Junction till August. Bolivar August 30. March to Iuka, Miss., September 1-19. Battle of Iuka September 19 (Reserve). Duty at Bolivar till November. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad. November 2, 1862, to January 20, 1863. Reconnoissances from LaGrange toward Colliersville November 5 and November 8-9. Moved to Memphis, Tenn., January 20, thence to Lake Providence, La., February 22, and to Milliken's Bend, La., April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Forty Hills and Hankinson's Ferry May 3-4. Battles of Raymond May 12; Jackson May 14; Champion's Hill May 16. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Surrender of Vicksburg July 4, and duty there till February, 1864. Clinton July 16. Expedition to Monroe, La., August 20-September 2, 1863. Expedition to Canton October 14-20. Bogue Chitto Creek October 17. Regiment reenlisted January 5, 1864. Meridian Campaign February 3-March 2, 1864. Baker's Creek February 5. Wyatt's February 13. Meridian February 14-15. Canton February 26. Veterans on furlough March and April. Moved to Clifton, Tenn., thence marched to Ackworth, Ga., May 5-June 8. Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign June 8-September 8. Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2. Assault on Kenesaw June 27. Nickajack Creek July 2-5. Howell's Ferry July 5. Chattahoochie River July 5-17. Leggett's or Bald Hill July 20-21. Battle of Atlanta July 22. Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25. Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30. Battle of Jonesboro August 31-September 1. Lovejoy Station September 2-6. Duty near Atlanta till October 15. Moved to Chattanooga, Tenn., and duty guarding railroad near Chattanooga till November 13. Little River, Ala., October 27. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Pocotaligo, S.C., January 14. Barker's Mills, Whippy Swamp, February 3. Orangeburg February 12-13. Columbia February 16-17. Battle of Bentonville, N. C., March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 14. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, and there mustered out July 11, 1865. Regiment lost during service 2 Officers and 71 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 280 Enlisted men by disease. Total 355.
Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.
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Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens
Last updated November 1 2014