91st Ohio Infantry
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- History of the Ninety-First Regiment, O.V.I.. by A.H. Winsdor, Chaplain. 68 pages. Gazette Steam Printing House. cor. Fourth and Vine. Cincinnati. 1865
- The Story of the Ninety-First. Read at a Reunion of the Ninety-First Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry, held at Portsmouth, Ohio, April 8, 1868, in response to the toast "Our Bond of Union". By E.E. Ewing. 25 pages. Printed by the Republican Printing Company. Portsmouth. 1868
- Scenes and Incidents in the Life of an Expelled Member of the M.E. Church. John H. Prather. 233 pgs. Pages 20 to 91 concern his service with Co E of the 91st OVI. John H. Flaugher. Printer. Manchester Independent. Aberdeen. Ohio. 1879
- National Tribune. The Lynchburg Raid. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. December 3rd, 1885
- National Tribune. The Lynchburg Raid. Sufferings of the Army on that Disastrous Retreat. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. February 25, 1886
- National Tribune. Stevenson's Depot. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. July 15th, 1886. Winchester. July 20th, 1864
- National Tribune. Army of West Virginia. Its Gallant Fight Against Early at Winchester. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. October 14th, 1886. Winchester. July 20th, 1864
- National Tribune. The Army of West Virginia. Its Active Part in the Battle of Opequan. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. December 16th, 1886
- History Company H, Ninety-First Ohio Volunteer Infantry. E.B. Willard. pg. 310. The Military History of Ohio..., Lawrence County Edition
- National Tribune. The Valley Campaign. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. May 26th, 1887
- The Legion of Honor - A History of that Invincible Band Known as Blazer Scouts, By E.E.E. (Elmore Ellis Ewing). E.E. Ewing. The Ohio Soldier. August 25, 1888. Volume 2. Number 2. pgs. 17-18
- National Tribune. Cedar Creek. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. December 28th, 1893
- National Tribune. Cedar Creek. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. March 22nd, 1894
- The Lynchburg Campaign. Edward S. Wilson. From: Sketches of War History. MOLLUS. Ohio. Vol. 4. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke, 1896. pp. 133-46. 8 photocopied pages. E464M5.1991v4. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA.
- Bugles and Bells; or Stories Told Again, including, The Story of the Ninety-First Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Reunion Poems and Social Tributes. By E.E. Ewing. 322 pages. Press of Curts and Jennings. Cincinnati. 1899
- National Tribune. Sheridan's Ride. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. June 13th, 1901
- National Tribune. A Christian Gentleman Who Brutally Murdered a Union Soldier and Was Hanged for It. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. May 11th, 1905
- National Tribune. Last Year of the War. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. June 15th, 1905
- National Tribune. The 91st Ohio. John W. Leaper. 91st O.V.I. January 12th, 1911
- National Tribune. Black Snake Excites Camp. Charles C. James. 91st O.V.I. March 7th, 1912
- National Tribune. At Carter's Farm. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. December 19th, 1912. Carter's Farm, Virginia. July 22nd, 1864
- National Tribune. Sheridan's Ride. J.H. Prather. 91st O.V.I. December 14th, 1916
- National Tribune. One Day's Fight. The Battle of Opequan. Jonathan Wishon. 91st O.V.I. October 9th, 1924
- James Findley Letters. James Galloway Dinwiddie Findley. Officer 91st OVI. 1862-1864. Civil War correspondence. 55 items. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. Library. Pittsburgh. PA
- The Life of a Civil War Surgeon as Seen in the Letters of William S. Newton, 91st Ohio Volunteer Infantry. by Dale Floyd. Unpublished Masters Thesis. University of Dayton. Dayton. Ohio. 1968
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- 91st OVI Roster. Allen Richmond. 1996
- Narrow Escape Story #30. Interesting War Experiences. by Thomas W. Rose. 91st OVI. Ironton Register. June 9 1887. Transcribed by Jimmie Epling. 1998
- Narrow Escape Story #53. Interesting War Experiences. by Brady Steece. 91st OVI. Ironton Register. November 17 1887. Transcribed by Barbara Madden. 1998
- Blazer's Scouts. Selected members of the 91st OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts. Placed on the web by Darl L. Stephenson and Larry Stevens. 1998
- Regimental & National Colors of the 91st O.V.I. Original Photos. Fight for the Colors. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio. 2000
- Headquarters in the Brush. Blazer's Independent Union Scouts. by Darl L. Stephenson. 352 pgs. 70 illustrations. Ohio University Press. Athens. Ohio. 2001. Selected members of the 91st OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts.
- The Civil War Letters of William H. Leatherwood and Joseph D. Leatherwood and Family. Members of the Union Army Enlisted in the War of the Rebellion. William H. Leatherwood 91st OVI and Joseph D. Leatherwood 2nd OVC. Transcribed by Lois Ellen Fenn and edited by Joseph Dalton Leatherwood, Junior. NP. San Antonio. Texas. 2005
- 91st Ohio Volunteer Infantry: With the Civil War Letters of Lt. Col. Benjamin Franklin Coates and an Annotated Roster of the Men of Company C. by Lois J. Lambert. 205 pgs. Hardcover, photos, illustrations, sources, index. Little Miami Publishing Company. Milford. Ohio. 2005
91st OVI Colors
Corporal Robt. Frowine Co. C on right
Courtesy of and Copyright © L.M. Strayer Collection
HistoryOrganized in August, 1862, under Colonel John A. Turley, it served along the Ohio River until September, when it moved to West Virginia, and operated in the Kanawha Valley and further east during the winter and spring of 1862-63. In July, 1863, it joined the forces in pursuit of Morgan in Ohio, but soon returned to West Virginia, where it passed its second winter. In May, 1864, it made a successful raid up New River under General Crook, marching over 200 miles over mountains and through wild forests. In June the Regiment joined Hunter's march upon Lynchburg, and near that place made a gallant charge, capturing two pieces of artillery. It returned with the army in its disastrous retrograde movement, the men completely worn out and after only nine days rest moved by rail to Martinsburg, where it served against Early's army. It fought up and down the Shenandoah Valley all the summer, fighting at Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Opequan; at the latter place the 91st lost heavily, having charged the Rebels, posted behind a stone wall, but lifted them out of their position with the bayonet. The Regiment served in this vicinity until the close of the war and was mustered out June 24, 1865.
From Dyer's Compendium91st Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Ironton, Ohio, August 26, 1862. Moved to Ironton, Ohio, August 26-September 3, thence to Guyandotte, Va., September 4. Mustered into United States service September 5. Ordered to Maysville, Ky., September 15. Orders changed to Point Pleasant, W. Va. Attached to District of the Kanawha, W. Va., Dept. of the Ohio, to March. 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept, of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade. 3rd Division, Dept. West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Provisional Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Point Pleasant, Va., till September 26. 1862. Raid up the Kanawha to Buffalo September 26-28. Action at Buffalo September 27. Advance to Gauley Bridge, Falls of the Great Kanawha, October 20-November 3, thence moved to Fayetteville November 8, and duty there till April, 1863. Advance to Summerville April. Duty at Summerville and Fayetteville till May, 1864. Pursuit of Morgan July 20-31, 1863. Expedition from Charleston to Lewisburg November 3-13. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-21. Big Sewell and Meadow Bluff December 11. Lewisburg and Greenbrier River December 12. Crook's Expedition to Dublin Depot and New River Bridge, Virginia & Tennessee Railroad, May 2-19, 1864. Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge and Newbern Bridge May 10. March to join Hunter at Staunton May 31-June 4. Piedmont June 5. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Buford's Gap June 20. Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 8, and reached Martinsburg July 15. Stevenson's Depot July 20. Battle of Winchester, Kernstown, July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 24. Halltown August 24. Near Charlestown August 26. Halltown August 26. Wormley's Gap August 29. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19, Kablestown November 18. Guarding Railroad Bridge at Opequan till December 20. Ordered to Martinsburg December 30, and duty there till March 17, 1865. Moved to Cumberland, Md., March 17, thence to Winchester April 5, and duty there till June 2. At Cumberland, Md., till June 24. Mustered out June 24, 1865. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 60 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 87 Enlisted men by disease. Total 153.
Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.
More about the Civil War in Ohio.
Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens
Last updated December 12 2010