91st Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

91st OVI Colors
Corporal Robt. Frowine Co. C on right
Courtesy of and Copyright © L.M. Strayer Collection

History

Organized in August, 1862, under Colonel John A. Turley, it served along the Ohio River until September, when it moved to West Virginia, and operated in the Kanawha Valley and further east during the winter and spring of 1862-63. In July, 1863, it joined the forces in pursuit of Morgan in Ohio, but soon returned to West Virginia, where it passed its second winter. In May, 1864, it made a successful raid up New River under General Crook, marching over 200 miles over mountains and through wild forests. In June the Regiment joined Hunter's march upon Lynchburg, and near that place made a gallant charge, capturing two pieces of artillery. It returned with the army in its disastrous retrograde movement, the men completely worn out and after only nine days rest moved by rail to Martinsburg, where it served against Early's army. It fought up and down the Shenandoah Valley all the summer, fighting at Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Opequan; at the latter place the 91st lost heavily, having charged the Rebels, posted behind a stone wall, but lifted them out of their position with the bayonet. The Regiment served in this vicinity until the close of the war and was mustered out June 24, 1865.

From Dyer's Compendium

91st Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Ironton, Ohio, August 26, 1862. Moved to Ironton, Ohio, August 26-September 3, thence to Guyandotte, Va., September 4. Mustered into United States service September 5. Ordered to Maysville, Ky., September 15. Orders changed to Point Pleasant, W. Va. Attached to District of the Kanawha, W. Va., Dept. of the Ohio, to March. 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Dept., to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept, of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade. 3rd Division, Dept. West Virginia, to April, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 4th Provisional Division, West Virginia, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Point Pleasant, Va., till September 26. 1862. Raid up the Kanawha to Buffalo September 26-28. Action at Buffalo September 27. Advance to Gauley Bridge, Falls of the Great Kanawha, October 20-November 3, thence moved to Fayetteville November 8, and duty there till April, 1863. Advance to Summerville April. Duty at Summerville and Fayetteville till May, 1864. Pursuit of Morgan July 20-31, 1863. Expedition from Charleston to Lewisburg November 3-13. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-21. Big Sewell and Meadow Bluff December 11. Lewisburg and Greenbrier River December 12. Crook's Expedition to Dublin Depot and New River Bridge, Virginia & Tennessee Railroad, May 2-19, 1864. Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge and Newbern Bridge May 10. March to join Hunter at Staunton May 31-June 4. Piedmont June 5. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Buford's Gap June 20. Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 8, and reached Martinsburg July 15. Stevenson's Depot July 20. Battle of Winchester, Kernstown, July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Near Charlestown August 24. Halltown August 24. Near Charlestown August 26. Halltown August 26. Wormley's Gap August 29. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19, Kablestown November 18. Guarding Railroad Bridge at Opequan till December 20. Ordered to Martinsburg December 30, and duty there till March 17, 1865. Moved to Cumberland, Md., March 17, thence to Winchester April 5, and duty there till June 2. At Cumberland, Md., till June 24. Mustered out June 24, 1865. Regiment lost during service 3 Officers and 60 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 87 Enlisted men by disease. Total 153.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated December 12 2010