80th Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit


Major C.H. Mathews
Courtesy of and Copyright © L.M. Strayer Collection

History

Organized in December, 1861, under Colonel E.R. Eckley, it left Ohio for the field in February, 1862. In April it joined Halleck's army in front of Corinth and after the evacuation operated in Northern Mississippi, taking part in the battle of Iuka, where it lost 45 men. It took a prominent part afterwards in the battle if Corinth, losing heavily, and joined Grant's movement into Mississippi. In March, 1863, the Regiment moved down the Mississippi River, marching with Grant's forces in the rear of Vicksburg, fighting at Port Gibson, Raymond and Jackson; and during the siege at Jackson it lost 90 men. In November it marched across the country from Memphis in time to assault Mission Ridge, where it lost nearly 100 men. In January, 1864, the men re-enlisted and went to Ohio in April, and in June joined Sherman's Atlanta campaign. The Regiment was stationed at Resaca when Hood's forces invested the place, and demanded its surrender, which was refused. The 80th marched to the sea with Sherman, through the Carolinas, then to Richmond, Washington, Louisville and to Little Rock, Ark., where it was mustered out August 15, 1865.

From Dyer's Compendium

80th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Canal Dover, Ohio, October, 1861, to January, 1862. Left State for Paducah, Ky., February 10, 1862. Attached to District of Paducah, Ky., to April, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, Army of the Mississippi, to November, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 7th Division, Left Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 2nd Brigade, 7th Division, 16th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to January, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 7th Division, 17th Army Corps, to September, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, 17th Army Corps, to December. 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 15th Army Corps, to April, 1865. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 15th Army Corps, to July, 1865. Dept. of Arkansas to August, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty at Paducah, Ky., February to April, 1862. Moved to Hamburg Landing, Tenn., April 20. Advance on and siege of Corinth, Miss., April 29-May 30. Pursuit to Booneville May 31-June 12. Expedition to Ripley June 22-23, and duty at Ripley till September. Battle of Iuka, Miss., September 16. Battle of Corinth, Miss., October 3-4. Pursuit to Hatchie River October 5-12. Grant's Central Mississippi Campaign, operations on the Mississippi Central Railroad, November 2, 1862, to January 4, 1863. Reconnoissance from LaGrange November 8-9, 1862. Reconnoissance from Davis Mills to Coldwater November 12-13. Guard trains to Memphis, Tenn., January 4-8, 1863. Duty at Forest Hill till February 16, and at Memphis till March 1. Moved to Helena, Ark., March 1. Yazoo Pass Expedition and operations against Fort Pemberton and Greenwood March 10-April 5. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., April 13. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson, Miss., May 1 (Reserve). Battles of Raymond May 12; Jackson May 14; Champion's Hill May 16. Escort prisoners to Memphis, Tenn., May 17-June 4. Siege of Vicksburg June 6-July 4. Moved to Helena, Ark., August 20, thence to Memphis, Tenn., September 20. March to Chattanooga, Tenn., October 10-November 22. Operations on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad in Alabama October 20-29. Chattanooga-Ringgold Campaign November 23-27. Tunnel Hill November 24-25. Mission Ridge November 25. Pursuit to Graysville November 26-27. Guard duty on the Memphis & Charleston Railroad till June 6, 1864. Duty at Allatoona June 7-25, and at Resaca till November 10. Repulse of attack on Resaca October 12-13. March to the sea November 15-December 10. Siege of Savannah December 10-21. Campaign of the Carolinas January to April, 1865. Fishburn's Plantation, near Lane's Bridge, Salkehatchie River, S.C., February 6. South Edisto River February 9. North Edisto River February 12-13. Columbia February 16-17. Cox's Bridge, N. C., March 19-20. Battle of Bentonville March 20-21. Occupation of Goldsboro March 24. Advance on Raleigh April 10-14. Occupation of Raleigh April 10. Bennett's House April 26. Surrender of Johnston and his army. March to Washington, D.C., via Richmond, Va., April 29-May 20. Grand Review May 24. Moved to Louisville, Ky., June, thence to Little Rock, Ark., and duty there till August. Mustered out August 15, 1865. Regiment lost during service 4 Officers and 48 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 2 Officers and 179 Enlisted men by disease. Total 224.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated May 17 2010