42nd Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

James A. Garfield
Library of Congress


The organization of this Regiment was completed in November, 1861, and in December it took the field under James A. Garfield. The following fall it served for a time on the Kanawha, in Western Virginia. December found it part of Sherman's army in the unsuccessful attack on the Bluffs at Vicksburg, and immediately afterwards it participated in the capture of Arkansas Post. It fought gallantly in the various battles incident to the campaign resulting in the surrender of Vicksburg, and afterwards was ordered to New Orleans. This Regiment had lost 1 officer and 20 men killed, and, and 18 officers and 325 men wounded. It was mustered out in the winter of 1864, excepting about 100 men who were assigned to the 96th Ohio.

From Dyer's Compendium

42nd Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, September to November, 1861. Moved to Catlettsburg, Ky., December 14, 1861; thence to Louisa, Ky. Attached to 18th Brigade, Army of the Ohio, to March, 1862. 26th Brigade, 7th Division, Army of the Ohio, to October, 1862. 4th Brigade, Cumberland Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 9th Division, Right Wing 13th Army Corps (Old), Dept. of the Tennessee, to December, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, Sherman's Yazoo Expedition, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 9th Division, 13th Army Corps, Army of the Tennessee, to February, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 9th Division, 13th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 4th Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Tennessee, to August, 1863, and Dept, of the Gulf to September, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to November, 1863. Plaquemine, District of Baton Rouge, La., Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 13th Army Corps, Dept. of the Gulf, to June, 1864. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 19th Army Corps, to December, 1864.
SERVICE.--Garfield's Campaign against Humphrey Marshall December 23, 1861, to January 30, 1862. Advance on Paintsville, Ky., December 31, 1861, to January 7, 1862, Jennies Creek January 7. Occupation of Paintsville January 8. Middle Creek, near Prestonburg, January 10. Occupation of Prestonburg January 11. Expedition to Pound Gap, Cumberland Mountains, March 14-17, Pound Gap March 16. Cumberland Gap Campaign March 28-June 18. Cumberland Mountain April 28. Occupation of Cumberland Gap June 18 to September 16. Tazewell July 26. Operations about Cumberland Gap August 2-6. Big Springs August 3. Tazewell August 6. Evacuation of Cumberland Gap and retreat to the Ohio River September 17-October 3. Expedition to Charleston October 21-November 10. Ordered to Memphis, Tenn., November 10, and duty there till December 20. Sherman's Yazoo Expedition December 20, 1862, to January 3, 1863. Chickasaw Bayou December 26-28. Chickasaw Bluff December 29. Expedition to Arkansas Post, Ark., January 3-10, 1863. Assault and capture of Fort Hindman, Arkansas Post, January 10-11. Moved to Young's Point, La., January 17. Duty there and at Milliken's Bend, La., till April 25. Operations from Milliken's Bend to New Carthage March 31-April 17. Movement on Bruinsburg and turning Grand Gulf April 25-30. Battle of Port Gibson May 1. Skirmish near Edwards Station May 15. Battle of Champion's Hill May 16. Big Black River May 17. Siege of Vicksburg, Miss., May 18-July 4. Assaults on Vicksburg May 19 and 22. Advance on Jackson, Miss., July 5-10. Near Clinton July 8. Siege of Jackson July 10-17, Moved to New Orleans, La., August 13. Duty at Carrollton, Berwick and Brashear City till October. Western Louisiana Campaign October 3-November 20. Duty at Plaquemine November 21, 1863, to March 24, 1864. Provost duty at Baton Rouge till May 1. Expedition to Clinton May 1-3. Comite River May 1. Moved to Simsport May 18, thence to Morganza and duty there till September 6. Expeditions up White River July 15 and September 6-15. Moved to Duvall's Bluff, Ark., September 15, and duty there till November. Companies "A," "B," "C" and "D" mustered out September 30, 1864. Companies "E" and "F" mustered out November 25, 1864, and Companies "G," "H," "I" and "K" mustered out December 2, 1864. Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 58 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 3 Officers and 178 Enlisted men by disease. Total 240.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

Thanks to David Anderson, English Department, Hiram College for a few of the sources on this page.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated June 27 2010