34th Ohio Infantry
1st Regiment Zouaves
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- James J. Wood. Diary, May 1-October 28, 1864. James J. Wood. Transcript of a diary by a private serving with Co. D, 34th O.V.I.. Call# MMS 1144. Center for Archival Collections. Bowling Green State University. Bowling Green, Ohio
- Luther Furney Diary 1863. Capt. Luther Furney. Company D. 34th OVI. 1 volume. Call# VOL 762. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Peter Calhoun Papers. Peter Calhoun. Co E. 34th OVI. 23 items. Civil War letters to Rebecca Calhoun from Peter Calhoun (husband) and Thomas J. Williams (brother). Sixteen items by Calhoun from West Virginia, concerning actions, movements, etc. Call# VFM2567. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Company "D," Thirty-fourth O.V.I. Regiment. Lemuel E. Merry. Firelands Pioneer. pgs. 83-87. Volume XII. September. 1876. Norwalk. Ohio. 1876
Also published in: Ohio Civil War Genealogy Journal. pgs. 208-209. Volume III. Number 4. Winter. 1999. Ohio Genealogical Society. Mansfield. Ohio
- Prison Experience of a North Soldier. George T. Smith. SHSP. Volume XI. 1883. pp. 330-35. 3 photo-copied pages. E483.7S76v11. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA
- Col. Edward H. Phelps. Commander Thirty-Fourth Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Anonymous. In: History of Defiance County, Ohio. pgs 128-129. Warren, Beers & Co. Chicago. 1883
- Sketch of the Battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864. A Paper Read Before the Ohio Commandery of the Loyal Legion of the United States, by First Lieutenant M.L. Hawkins. Morton L. Hawkins. 34th OVI. 17 pgs. Peter G. Thomson. Cincinnati. Ohio. 1884.
Also in: MOLLUS. Ohio. Sketches of War History, 1861-1865. Volume I. p. 142-159. Cincinnati. Ohio. 1888
Also in: The Ohio Soldier as "Battle of Winchester" pgs. 177-179. Vol 2. No. 12. November 3, 1888
- Greene County Soldiers in the Late War: Being a History of the Seventy-Fourth O.V.I.: With Sketches of the Twelfth, Ninety-Fourth, One Hundred and Tenth, Forty-Fourth, Tenth Ohio Battery, One Hundred and Fifty-Fourth, Fifty-Fourth, Seventeenth, Thirty-Fourth, One Hundred and Eighty-Fourth: Together With a List of Greene County's Soldiers. by Ira S. Owens. 294 pgs. Christian Publishing House. Dayton. Ohio. 1884. Call# Rare Books E525.4 74th .O92 1884x. State Library of Ohio. Columbus. Ohio
- National Tribune. Stevenson's Depot. Jonathan Harlan. August 12, 1886. Winchester. July 20, 1864
- National Tribune. The 34th Ohio. Some Personal Notes of a "Peculiar" Regiment. C.H. Cowdin. April 7, 1887
- National Tribune. In the Shenandoah. Dennis Mulligan. May 5, 1887. Shenandoah Valley 1864
- Roster of the Thirty-Fourth O.V.V.I.: Containing the Names and Addresses of the Members of the Regiment / Prepared by W.H. Sheckler. W.H. Sheckler. 62 pgs. Journal Job Rooms. Bucyrus. Ohio. 1889. Call# PA Box 725 2. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- National Tribune. Cedar Creek Again. Jonathan Harlan. March 21, 1889
- National Tribune. The Cannoneer. Praise and Criticism. William J. Crossley. April 17, 1890. (John W. Packham)
- The Lynchburg Campaign, June, 1864. James A. Thomson. From G.A.R. War Papers. Cincinnati. Ohio. Fred C. Jones Post. 1891. pp. 121-47. 14 photocopied pages. E464G72v1. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA
- Annual Reunion 34th O.V.V.I. . NA. NP. pgs.? 1892. Bowling Green Call# Hayes GNR E525.5 34th 27th 1892. Bowling Green State University. Bowling Green. Ohio
- National Tribune. Shenandoah Valley. Mart Howe. January 21, 1892. Shenandoah Valley 1864
- National Tribune. The Lynchburg Raid. Movements of the Army of West Virginia in May and June 1864... Col. Shaw and the 34th Ohio Recapture the Artillery. Mart Howe. April 14, 1892
- National Tribune. The First Fight. What a Piatt Zouave Got Into at Fayetteville, W.V. Gus Snyder. July 19, 1894. Sept 10, 1862
- National Tribune. The 34th Ohio. A Hard Campaign in Which the Regiment Was Conspicuously Engaged. Hiram Peck. August 8, 1901. July, 1864
- National Tribune. Flag of the 34th Ohio. Anonymous. October 24, 1901
- National Tribune. Boy Soldier of the 34th Ohio. Anonymous. October 30, 1902. (John W. Packham)
- Roster of 34th Regiment, Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry. NA. 23 pgs. Blum Printing Co. Dayton. Ohio. 1902. Call# General PA Box 725 1. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Roster Chace Mac-acheek Piatt Zouaves : 34th Regiment Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry : 1906. by Chace Macacheek, Piatt Zouaves Association. 41 pgs. NP. 1906. Call# PA Box 725 3. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- National Tribune. Sheridan at Cedar Creek. Mart Howe. August 5, 1909
- National Tribune. On Picket at Cedar Creek. George W. McKinley. August 10, 1911
- History of Jerome Township. Union County, Ohio. by W.L. Curry. Press of Edward T. Miller Co. Columbus. Ohio. 1913. Contains a history of the 34th OVI on pgs 103-104.
- National Tribune. After the Battle. A Reminiscence of Sheridan's Victory on the Opequon. Charles A. Green. May 30, 1922
- National Tribune. A Discreditable Affair. The 34th Ohio was Trapped by Rebel Women. Charles A. Green. August 20, 1922. Beverly, W.V. January 11, 1865
- National Tribune. The 34th Ohio at Beverly. William Harris. November 2, 1922. Beverly, W.V. January 11, 1865
- National Tribune. How He Got a Furlough. Charles A. Green. November 6, 1924
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- Blazer's Scouts. Selected members of the 34th OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts. Placed on the web by Darl L. Stephenson and Larry Stevens. 1998
- Headquarters in the Brush. Blazer's Independent Union Scouts. by Darl L. Stephenson. 352 pgs. 70 illustrations. Ohio University Press. Athens. Ohio. 2001. Selected members of the 34th OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts.
Joseph Allen Frith. Company D.
Image courtesy of Art Frith.
HistoryOrganized in July and August, 1861, under Colonel Abraham S. Piatt, it saw its first service the same fall in Western Virginia, and took part in the various operations in the Kanawha Valley up to 1864. In that summer it joined Hunter in the disasterous raid up the Shenandoah Valley, and was with Crook's command at the battle of Winchester, losing their Lt. Colonel; and to its grand satisfaction was again at Winchester with Sheridan, losing six color bearers on that memorable day. Those escaping the affair at Beverly - where the Regiment doing post duty was captured in January, 1865 - were consolidated with the 36th Ohio Infantry.
From Dyer's Compendium34th Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Lucas, Ohio. Moved to Camp Dennison, Ohio, September 1, 1861; thence to West Virginia September 15. Arrived at Camp Enyart, Kanawha River, September 20. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to October, 1861. Unattached, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, to March, 1862. 2nd Brigade, Kanawha Division, West Virginia, Dept. of the Mountains, to September, 1862. Point Pleasant, District of the Kanawha, West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to July, 1863. 3rd Brigade, Scammon's Division, West Virginia, to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to June, 1864. 3rd Brigade, 2nd Cavalry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to January, 1865. Unassigned, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to February, 1865.
SERVICE.--Action at Chapmansville, W. Va., September 25, 1861. Duty at Camp Red House October, and at Barboursville November. Guard and scout duty and operating against guerrillas in Cabell, Putnam, Mason, Wayne and Logan Counties till March, 1862. Moved to Gauley Bridge March, and at Fayetteville April. Cox's demonstrations on the Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 10-18. Princeton May 15-17. Retreat to Flat Top Mountain May 18, and duty there till August. At Fayetteville till September. Campaign in the Kanawha Valley September 6-16. Loring's attack on Fayetteville September 10. Cotton Mountain September 11. Charleston September 12-13. At Point Pleasant till October 15. At Fayetteville till May, 1863. Regiment mounted May, 1863. Expedition to Virginia & Tennessee Railroad July 13-25. Wytheville July 18-19 and 27. Scouts from Camp Platt September 11-13. Elk River September 12. Scouts from Charleston to Boone Court House October 21-26. Expedition from Charleston to Lewisburg November 3-13. Little Sewell Mountain November 6. Muddy Creek and capture of Lewisburg November 7. Second Creek, near Union, November 8. Scammon's demonstration from the Kanawha Valley December 8-25. Regiment reenlisted December 23, 1863, and mustered as a Veteran organization January 19, 1864. Crook's Expedition against Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19, 1864 (Detachment). Averill's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 5-19. Callahan Station May 4. Jeffersonville May 8. Abb's Valley, Wytheville, May 9. Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Grassy Lick, Cove Mountain, near Wytheville, May 10. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Buffalo Gap June 6. Lexington June 11. Buchanan June 14. New London June 16. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Liberty June 19. Buford's Gap June 20. Catawba Mountains and near Salem June 21. Moved to the Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Stephenson's Depot July 20. Battle of Winchester July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 6-November 28. Bolivar Heights August 24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty near Kernstown till December. Moved to Webster December 22, thence to Beverly, and garrison duty there till January, 1865. Rosser's attack on Beverly January 11. Many of Regiment captured. Regiment consolidated with 36th Ohio Infantry February 22, 1865. Regiment lost during service 10 Officers and 120 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 260.
Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.
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Copyright © 2012 Larry Stevens
Last updated November 4 2012