23rd Ohio Infantry
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- A Night March After a Union Man: Leaves From the Diary of a Member of Company A, Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Volunteers. by a Member of Company A. 4 pgs. NP. 186? Call# Hayes GNR E525.4 .D5. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center Library and Archives. Spiegel Grove. Fremont. Ohio. 43420. Phone: 419-332-2081
- The Rudulph Collection of Civil War Letters. by Private James K. Rudulph. Co.A 23rd OVI. 1862-1864. 12 letters. Edited by Dan R. Brook. West Virginia History. Vol. 50. 1991. Archives and History section of the West Virginia Division of Culture and History.
- Life and Public Services of Rutherford B. Hayes, President of the United States. by Russell B. Conwell. 344 pgs. R.B. Russell & Co. Boston. 1877. Civil War pgs. 69-128. NHi
- Annual Reunion of the 23d Ohio Volunteer Infantry, at Willoughby, Ohio, September 17, 1878. Anniversary of the Battle of Antietam. Address of Comrade J. C. Cowin. J.C. Cowin. 20 pgs. NP. 1878
- Remarks of Gen. Rutherford B. Hayes, at the Annual Reunion of the Twenty-third Regiment, Ohio Vet. Vol. Inf., at Youngstown, Ohio, September 17, 1879. Rutherford B. Hayes. 11 pgs. NP. 1879. NHi
- Remarks of General Rutherford B. Hayes at the Reunion of the 23rd Ohio Veterans, Canton Ohio, September 1, 1880. Rutherford B. Hayes. 4 pgs. NP. 1880. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Annual Re-union of the 23d Regimental Band, with 23rd Ohio Regiment, V.V.I., 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Department of West Virginia. NA. NP. 1887? Call# E525.5 23rd .O4. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center Library and Archives. Spiegel Grove. Fremont. Ohio. 43420. Phone: 419-332-2081
- From Camp White to Camp Crook. The Campaign of the 23rd Ohio in the Hunter Raid. Paper Read by Gen. R.B. Hayes at a Reunion of the 23rd Ohio. pgs. 274-277. December 17 1887. The Ohio Soldier and National Picket Guard. Chillicothe. Ohio
- The Battle of Clark's Hollow W.Va. May 1st, 1862. by Capt. F.M. Kelley Co. C. 23rd Ohio Volunteer Inf. Sgt. Co. C at the time. Pgs. 602-604. May 5 1888. The Ohio Soldier and National Picket Guard. Chillicothe. Ohio
- "The Dublin Raid." Campaigning with Gen. Geo. Crook in 1864. by Edwin C. Arthur. Co G. 23rd O.V.V.I. The Ohio Soldier and National Picket Guard. Chillicothe. Ohio. Pgs 321-323. January 5 1889; Pgs 337-339. January 19 1889; Pgs 353-355. February 2 1889; Pgs 370-372. February 16 1889; Pgs 386-387. March 2 1889; Pg 402. March 16 1889; Pgs 418-419. March 30 1889; Pgs 433-436. April 13 1889. Thanks to Larry Strayer for this source.
- In Memoriam James M. Comly. James M. Comly 23rd OVI. 81 pgs. NP. Columbus? 1890? Library of Congress. Washington DC
- Roster of the Surviving Members of the Twenty-third Regiment O.V.V.I., August, 1896. NA. 14 pgs. Mount & Co. Printers. Cleveland. Ohio. 1896. Call# General 973.7471 J23r. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Incidents at the Battle of Cedar Creek. Rutherford B. Hayes. Found in: Sketches of War History. 1861-1865. Papers prepared for the Ohio Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. 1890-1896. Editor: W.H. Chamberlin. Published by the Commandery. p. 235-245. Volume IV. The Robert Clark Co. Cincinnati. 1896
- President McKinley's Visit to Fremont, Ohio, Reunion of the 23rd O.V.V., The Regiment of Two Preidents. H.K. Watkins. 32 pgs. Toledo Critic. Vol. VIII. No. 8. Saturday, August 28, 1897. Reunion Souvenir Number. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Twenty-third Ohio Infantry. by D.H. Kimberly. pgs. 66-70. Ohio at Antietam. Report of the Ohio Antietam Battlefield Commission. By D. Cunningham and W.W. Miller. Springfield Publishing Company. State Printers. Springfield. Ohio. 1904
- War Letters of Andrew Jackson Duncan of Poland, Ohio, 1861-1865. Andrew J. Duncan. Edited by William M. Duncan. 207 pgs. Cadillac Press. Detroit. Michigan. 1932
- A Civil War Diary of William McKinley. H. Wayne Morgan. ed. Ohio Hist Quarterly 69. July 1960. pp. 272-90. 18 photocopied pages. E601M22. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA
Reprint: A Civil War Diary of William McKinley. H. Wayne Morgan. ed. 18 pages. The Ohio Civil War Centennial Commission. The Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio. ND
- The 23rd Ohio. T. Harry Williams and Stephen E. Ambrose. Civil War Times Illustrated 3. May. 1964. pp. 22-25. 4 photocopied pages. Per. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA
- The 23rd Ohio. T. Harry Williams and Stephen E. Ambrose. Civil War Times Illustrated. Volume 36. Number 5. October. 1997
- Hayes of the Twenty-third: The Civil War Volunteer Officer. T. Harry Williams. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 1965. The story of Rutherford B. Hayes and the 23rd OVI.
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- The Glory Years. One day Rutherford B. Hayes would be President. But the Civil War years were the best of his life. by Peggy Robbins. Civil War Times Illustrated. September/October. 1994
- The 23rd Ohio's Musician. As told by Brig. Gen. Comly, in National Tribune. From: Civil War Scrapbooks. Volume 13 page 24. Ohio Historical Society Collections. Columbus. Ohio. Published on the web by Larry Stevens. 1995
- Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center Library and Archives. Spiegel Grove. Fremont. Ohio. 43420 Fax: 419-332-4952. Phone: 419-332-2081
- Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Civil War Diary and Letters of Rutherford B. Hayes. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center Library and Archives. Spiegel Grove. Fremont. Ohio. 43420 Fax: 419-332-4952. Phone: 419-332-2081
- Narrow Escape Story #12. Grape(s) Shot In The Frying Pan. by John Wilson. Co. D. 23rd OVI. Ironton Register. February 3 1887. Transcribed by Sharon M. Kouns. 1998
- Blazer's Scouts. Selected members of the 23rd OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts. Placed on the web by Darl L. Stephenson and Larry Stevens. 1998
- Colors of the 23rd O.V.I. Painting and Original Photo. Fight for the Colors. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio. 2000
- Major McKinley: William McKinley and the Civil War. by William H. Armstrong. 192 pgs. The Kent State University Press. Kent. Ohio. 2000
- Headquarters in the Brush. Blazer's Independent Union Scouts. by Darl L. Stephenson. 352 pgs. 70 illustrations. Ohio University Press. Athens. Ohio. 2001. Selected members of the 23rd OVI also served in Blazer's Scouts.
- Architects of Our Fortunes The Journal of Eliza A. W. Otis, 1860 - 1863 with Letters and Civil War Journal of Harrison Gray Otis. Eliza A. W. Otis and Harrison Gray Otis. Edited and with an introduction by Ann Gorman Condon. 267 pages. Huntington Library Press. San Marino. CA. 2001. Otis served as an officer in both 12th & 23rd OVI.
- From Camp Chase To The Antietam. The Twenty-Third Goes To War. by Ethan S. Rafuse. pgs 2-15. Timeline. Vol.28 No.1 January-March 2011. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
Colonel Rutherford B. Hayes
HistoryOrganized in June, 1861, Under Colonel William S. Rosecrans, who being promoted, was succeeded by Colonel E.P. Scammon, it served in West Virginia until August, when it transferred to the Potomac army, and under McClellan, fought at South Mountain and Antietam. The Regiment lost over 200 men in these engagements. In March, 1863, it moved to the Kanawha Valley and joined General Crook's raid on the Virginia and Tennessee railroad, in April, 1864. In June it joined Hunter's march on Lynchburg; returned to Charleston July 1st, then proceeded to Martinsburg. It engaged in the battle of Winchester, July 24th, losing 150 men; and fought at Opequan on the 19th of September. After Sheridan's victories on the Shenandoah the regiment returned to Martinsburg and remained in the neighborhood until the close of the war. It was mustered out July 26th, 1865. The members of this Regiment gained distinction in military and civilian life. W.S. Rosecrans became a noted general. R.B. Hayes and W.S. McKinley became President of the United States. Stanley Matthews became a United States Senator.
From Dyer's Compendium23rd Regiment Infantry. Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, and mustered in June 11, 1861. Left State for Benwood, W. Va., July 25. Moved to Weston July 28. Duty at Weston, Suttonville, Summerville and Glenville till September 1. Attached to Cox's Kanawha Brigade, West Virginia, to September, 1861. Scammon's Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to October, 1861. 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, Dept. of the Mountains, to September, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, District of West Virginia, Dept. of the Ohio, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 1st Brigade, Scammon's Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 2nd Infantry, Division West Virginia, to January, 1865. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry, Division West Virginia, to April, 1865. 4th Provisional Division West Virginia to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Action at Cross Lanes, W. Va., August 26, 1861. Action at Carnifex Ferry September 10. Moved to Little Sewell Mountain September 15. Retreat to New River October. Operations in Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16. Cotton Mountain November 11-12. At Fayette Court House till April, 1862. Occupation of Raleigh Court House December 28, 1861, to April, 1862 (Cos. "A," "B," "F," "G"). Action at mouth of Blue Stone February 8. Advance on Princeton April 23-May 1. Camp Creek May 1 (Co. "C"). Princeton May 5. Giles Court House May 7-10. Flat Top Mountain July 4. Pack's Ferry, New River, August 6. Movement to Washington, D.C., August 15-24. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14. Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Chambersburg October 8. Expedition after Stuart October 13-14. Moved to Clarksburg, Suttonville, Summerville, Gauley Bridge and Kanawha Falls, October 26-November 14. Duty at Falls of the Great Kanawha November 18, 1862, to March 15, 1863, and at Charleston till July. Expedition to Piney in pursuit of Loring July 5-14, thence moved in pursuit of Morgan July 2-26. Action at Pomeroy, Ohio, July 18. Little Hocking River July 19. Return to Charleston, W. Va., and duty there till April, 1864. Morris Mills July 31, 1863. Expedition to Wayne Court House November 24-28, 1863. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 2-19. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge and Doublin Depot May 10. Meadow Bluff May 24. Hunter's Raid to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Covington June 2. Piedmont June 5. Buffalo Gap June 6. Lexington June 11-12. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Buford's Gap June 19. About Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Battle of Winchester July 24. Martinsburg July 25. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Strasburg and Fisher's Hill August 15. Summit Point August 24. Halltown August 26. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown till December 20. Kablestown November 20 and 30. Moved to Stephenson's Depot December 20, thence to Martinsburg, W. Va., December 29, and to Cumberland, Md., January 1, 1865. Duty at Cumberland till July. Mustered out July 26, 1865. Regiment lost during service 5 Officers and 154 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 1 Officer and 130 Enlisted men by disease. Total 290.
More about the Civil War in Ohio.
Copyright © 2012 Larry Stevens
Last updated February 26 2012