123rd Ohio Infantry
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- Incidents of War, or Southern Prison Life, by Capt. D.S. Caldwell, 123rd O.V.I.. David S. Caldwell. United Brethren Print. Dayton. 1864
- The Military History of the 123d Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Edited by C.M. Keyes, 1st Lieutenant, 123d Reg., O.V.I.. 196 pgs. Register Steam Press. Sandusky. Ohio. 1874
- National Tribune. Cedar Creek. W.N. Morgan. Co. G. 123rd OVI. September 13, 1883
- Scenes in Libby Prison. John W. Chamberlin. From: Sketches of War History. MOLLUS. Ohio. Vol. 2. Cincinnati. Robert Clarke. 1888. pp. 342-70. 15 photocopied pages. E464M5.1991v2. USAMHI. Carlisle Barracks. PA.
- Roster of the 123rd Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Arranged in Alphabetic Order by Companies. Upper Sandusky, Ohio, Oct. 19th, 1892. R.N. McConnell, Secretary. J.P. Day, Assistant. 16 pgs. Soft Cover. 3.5 x 5.75 inches. NP. NL. 1892. eBay auction 2012
- Adventures and Misadventures, Civil and Military, of a Union Veteran of the Civil War. By Edwin Snyder, Sergeant Company E, 123 O.V.I.. Edwin Snyder. 48 pgs. Cavanaugh Printing Co. Topeka. Kansas. 1909. Located at Youngstown St. University. Youngstown. Ohio
- Sketches of Army Life in the Sixties and "The Mansion by the Spring," a Civil War Story of the Shenandoah. by Henry S. Clapp. 123rd OVI and 19th Colored Troops, USA. 61 pgs. NP. Newark. Ohio? 191-. Originally published in the Norwalk Reflector 1908-1909. Republished by his daughters Mary Belle Clapp Cline and Katharine B. Clapp Horton. Call# 973.781 C536s. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Autobiography of a Soldier of the Civil War. Edmund P. Snyder. Co. E 123rd OVI. 31 pgs. Tipped in plates. Privately Printed. 1915. Call# V B Sn92. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Dorothy Ringle Papers, 1862-1961. Family collection, including a small pocket diary and correspondence of Leander Coe, a Corporal serving with Co. D of the 123rd O.V.I.. Call# MS 45. General Civil War Manuscripts. Center for Archival Collections. Bowling Green State University. Bowling Green, Ohio
- Arlington Dunn Papers 1862-1928. Arlington Dunn 123rd OVI. 1.4 linear ft. Diaries, ledgers, photos, and other materials, relating chiefly to farming, daily life in Seneca County, and Dunn's experiences with 123rd Ohio Infantry Regiment, during the Civil War. Call# Hayes GNR Hayes MS. Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center Library and Archives. Spiegel Grove. Fremont. Ohio. 43420. Phone: 419-332-2081
- Uncle Phil and the Rebbles. Philip Huffman. Co. B. 123rd OVI. by Edna J. Carmean. 200 pgs. map. ports. (based on and including wartime diaries of Philip Huffman). Lebanon Valley College. Annville. PA. 1989
- Civil War Letters of Arlington Dunn, 123rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Arlington Dunn. Edited by Richard Manion. Northwest Ohio Quarterly 63. Winter-Spring. pg. 17-25. 1991
- Josiah Staley Papers 1862-1865. Pvt. Josiah Staley Co. H 123rd OVI. 1833-1864. 68 items Call# General VFM 230. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- William T. Wilson Diary 1863-1864. Brigadier General William T. Wilson (1834-1905) 123rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Concerns life inside Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia. Call# VOL 1006. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- William T. Wilson Papers. Brigadier General William T. Wilson (1834-1905) 123rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. 40 items. Papers of Brigadier General Wilson, 15th and 123rd O.V.I., including appointments, commissions, receipts, and muster rolls. Call# VFM 124. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- The Blue Soldier: Letters of the Civil War. by Nancy K. Stout. Staley family Correspondence. 123rd Ohio Infantry Regiment 1862-1865 Biography. Privately Printed. Brush Prairie. WA. c1998. call# B St16s 1998. Ohio Historical Society. Columbus. Ohio
Captain Horace Kellogg Co. B 123rd OVI
Wounded & captured June 15, 1863 at Winchester, Va
confined at Libby & subsequently promoted to Major & Lieut Colonel.
Courtesy of and Copyright © L.M. Strayer Collection
HistoryThis Regiment was organized in September, 1862, at Camp Monroeville, Huron County, Ohio. It campaigned in West Virginia, under Colonel William T. Wilson, until March, 1863, when it was ordered to Winchester and made several raids up the Shenandoah Valley. The Regiment and their Brigade was surrendered at Winchester in June, 1863, during Lee's raid into Pennsylvania. The Regiment was taken to Libby Prison and the enlisted men were soon paroled while the officers remained for eleven months. The men were soon refitted and spent a year guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Harper's Ferry and Monocacy Junction. The Regiment, in April, 1864, moved with General Sigal on a raid up the Valley, participating at New Market, on the 15th of May. Later under General Hunter it fought at Port Republic and helped destroy the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington. It then embarked on Hunter's disasterous Lynchburg campaign and took part in the severe retreat to the Kanawha Valley. July found the Regiment again in the Shenandoah Valley guarding against Early's retreat from Washington. The Army of West Virginia, of which the 123rd formed a part, was placed under the command of General Phil. Sheridan fighting at Berryville, Winchester, Strasburg and Cedar Creek. In December the Regiment was attached to the 24th Corps, near Deep Bottom and laid in camp until March, 1865. It participated in the battles at Hatcher's Run, and Petersburg in the spring of 1865 and was captured again, after a severe fight, while on an expedition to burn High Bridge on the South Side Railroad. The Regiment was carried along with the Rebel army as prisoners of war to Appomattox C.H. At this location the Rebels surrendered and the Regiment rescued. The Regiment mustered out on June 12th, 1865.
From Dyer's Compendium123rd Regiment Infantry. Organized at Monroeville, Ohio, and mustered in September 24, 1862. Left State for Parkersburg, W. Va., October 16, 1862; thence moved to Clarksburg October 20. Attached to Railroad Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. Defences of the Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna, to July, 1863. McReynolds' Command, Martinsburg, W, Va., to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--March from Clarksburg to Buckhannon, W. Va., October 27-30, 1862, and to Beverly November 3. Moved to Huttonville November 8; to Webster November 16, and to New Creek November 18. Duty at New Creek till December 12. Moved to Petersburg December 12. March to relief of Moorefield January 3, 1863. Duty at Romney January 10 to March 4, and at Winchester, Va., till June. Reconnoissance toward Wardensville and Strasburg April 20. Operations in Shenandoah Valley April 22-29. Scout to Strasburg April 25-30. Battle of Winchester June 13-15. Regiment surrendered by Colonel Ely, Commanding Brigade, June 15, 1863. Exchanged August, 1863. Provost duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., October, 1863, to March, 1864. Duty along Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Harper's Ferry to Monocacy Junction till April. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market April 30-May 16. Battle of New Market May 16. Advance to Staunton May 24-June 5. Action at Piedmont June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Lynchburg June 17-18. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker's Ferry July 15. Battle of Winchester, Kernstown, July 24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Cedar Creek October 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown till December. Moved to Washington, D.C., December 19; thence to Aikens' Landing, Va. Siege operations against Richmond and Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty in the Dept. of Virginia till June. Mustered out June 12, 1865. Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 90 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 92 Enlisted men by disease. Total 187.
Companies by CountyCompany A Wyandot County
Company B Huron County
Company C Huron County
Company D Seneca County
Company E Huron County
Company F Wyandot County
Company G Erie County
Company H Crawford County
Company I Seneca County
Company K Erie & Seneca Counties
County listing from Steve Ward's Buckeyes All Part V Revised.
More about the Civil War in Ohio.
Copyright © 2012 Larry Stevens
Last updated December 4 2012