123rd Ohio Infantry

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Captain Horace Kellogg Co. B 123rd OVI
Wounded & captured June 15, 1863 at Winchester, Va
confined at Libby & subsequently promoted to Major & Lieut Colonel.
Courtesy of and Copyright © L.M. Strayer Collection


This Regiment was organized in September, 1862, at Camp Monroeville, Huron County, Ohio. It campaigned in West Virginia, under Colonel William T. Wilson, until March, 1863, when it was ordered to Winchester and made several raids up the Shenandoah Valley. The Regiment and their Brigade was surrendered at Winchester in June, 1863, during Lee's raid into Pennsylvania. The Regiment was taken to Libby Prison and the enlisted men were soon paroled while the officers remained for eleven months. The men were soon refitted and spent a year guarding the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad between Harper's Ferry and Monocacy Junction. The Regiment, in April, 1864, moved with General Sigal on a raid up the Valley, participating at New Market, on the 15th of May. Later under General Hunter it fought at Port Republic and helped destroy the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington. It then embarked on Hunter's disasterous Lynchburg campaign and took part in the severe retreat to the Kanawha Valley. July found the Regiment again in the Shenandoah Valley guarding against Early's retreat from Washington. The Army of West Virginia, of which the 123rd formed a part, was placed under the command of General Phil. Sheridan fighting at Berryville, Winchester, Strasburg and Cedar Creek. In December the Regiment was attached to the 24th Corps, near Deep Bottom and laid in camp until March, 1865. It participated in the battles at Hatcher's Run, and Petersburg in the spring of 1865 and was captured again, after a severe fight, while on an expedition to burn High Bridge on the South Side Railroad. The Regiment was carried along with the Rebel army as prisoners of war to Appomattox C.H. At this location the Rebels surrendered and the Regiment rescued. The Regiment mustered out on June 12th, 1865.

From Dyer's Compendium

123rd Regiment Infantry. Organized at Monroeville, Ohio, and mustered in September 24, 1862. Left State for Parkersburg, W. Va., October 16, 1862; thence moved to Clarksburg October 20. Attached to Railroad Division, West Virginia, to January, 1863. Defences of the Upper Potomac, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to March, 1863. 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 8th Army Corps, to July, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of the Susquehanna, to July, 1863. McReynolds' Command, Martinsburg, W, Va., to December, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Dept. of West Virginia, to April, 1864. 1st Brigade, 1st Infantry Division, West Virginia, to December, 1864. 1st Brigade, Independent Division, 24th Army Corps, Army of the James, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--March from Clarksburg to Buckhannon, W. Va., October 27-30, 1862, and to Beverly November 3. Moved to Huttonville November 8; to Webster November 16, and to New Creek November 18. Duty at New Creek till December 12. Moved to Petersburg December 12. March to relief of Moorefield January 3, 1863. Duty at Romney January 10 to March 4, and at Winchester, Va., till June. Reconnoissance toward Wardensville and Strasburg April 20. Operations in Shenandoah Valley April 22-29. Scout to Strasburg April 25-30. Battle of Winchester June 13-15. Regiment surrendered by Colonel Ely, Commanding Brigade, June 15, 1863. Exchanged August, 1863. Provost duty at Martinsburg, W. Va., October, 1863, to March, 1864. Duty along Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Harper's Ferry to Monocacy Junction till April. Sigel's Expedition from Martinsburg to New Market April 30-May 16. Battle of New Market May 16. Advance to Staunton May 24-June 5. Action at Piedmont June 5. Occupation of Staunton June 6. Hunter's Raid on Lynchburg June 10-July 1. Lynchburg June 17-18. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Snicker's Ferry July 15. Battle of Winchester, Kernstown, July 24. Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign August 7-November 28. Berryville September 3. Battle of Opequan, Winchester, September 19. Fisher's Hill September 22. Cedar Creek October 13. Battle of Cedar Creek October 19. Duty at Kernstown till December. Moved to Washington, D.C., December 19; thence to Aikens' Landing, Va. Siege operations against Richmond and Petersburg December, 1864, to April, 1865. Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9. Hatcher's Run March 29-31. Fall of Petersburg April 2. Pursuit of Lee April 3-9. Rice's Station April 6. Appomattox Court House April 9. Surrender of Lee and his army. Duty in the Dept. of Virginia till June. Mustered out June 12, 1865. Regiment lost during service 1 Officer and 90 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 4 Officers and 92 Enlisted men by disease. Total 187.

Companies by County

Company A Wyandot County
Company B Huron County
Company C Huron County
Company D Seneca County
Company E Huron County
Company F Wyandot County
Company G Erie County
Company H Crawford County
Company I Seneca County
Company K Erie & Seneca Counties

County listing from Steve Ward's Buckeyes All Part V Revised.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 2012 Larry Stevens

Last updated December 4 2012