12th Ohio Independent Battery
compiled by Larry Stevens
References for this Unit
- see also Bibliography of State-Wide References
- Ohio In The War-Volume II. Whitelaw Reid. Moore, Wilstach & Baldwin. Cincinnati 1868
- Frank Bisel Diary. Frank Bisel. 12th Ohio Battery. 1861-1865. Transcription. 169 p. East Carolina Manuscript Collection. J. Y. Joyner Library. East Carolina University. Greenville. NC
- National Tribune. Campaigning in West Virginia. James A. Moore. May 9, 1901. McDowell, Va.
- National Tribune. It was the 12th Ohio Battery. John M. Beelman. February 9, 1911. McDowell, Va.
- Unit Bibliography. U.S. Army Military History Institute. Carlisle Barracks. PA. 1995
- Charles Jesson. Requiem for a Cannoneer. Mike Fitzpatrick. pg. 34. Military Images. Export. PA. Volume XXVII. Number 1. July/August. 2005. All Ohio Issue
HistoryThis Battery was organized and served as Company D, 25th Ohio Infantry, in Western Virginia, until March 17, 1862, when it transferred to the artillery service and designated as the 12th Ohio Independent Battery, under Captain A.C. Johnson. It was assigned to Milroy's Brigade, under Fremont, and fought in the Shenandoah Valley. At the battle of Cross Keys it was engaged six hours and fired six hundred shots. Its next service was in Pope's army under Sigal, where it participated in the second Bull Run battle. After the Fredericksburg campaign it took part in the defense of Washington, and in the latter part of the year 1863 was transferred to the West, remaining on duty at Nashville during the year 1864. It participated in the battles of Franklin and Nashville under Thomas and was finally mustered out July 12, 1865.
From Dyer's Compendium12th Independent Battery Light Artillery. Entered service as Company "D," 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, July 27, 1861. Ordered to West Virginia July 29. Attached to 1st Brigade, Army of Occupation West Virginia, to November, 1861. Milroy's Cheat Mountain District, West Virginia, to March, 1862. Company permanently detached from 25th Ohio Infantry as 12th Ohio Battery, March 17, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, Dept. of the Mountains, to June, 1862. Milroy's Independent Brigade, 1st Army Corps, Army of Virginia, to September, 1862. Artillery, 2nd Division, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to January, 1863. Provost Guard, Army of the Potomac, to May, 1863. Unattached, Artillery Reserve, Army of the Potomac, to June, 1863. Camp Barry, Defences of Washington, D.C., 22nd Army Corps, to September, 1863. Artillery Brigade, 11th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to December, 1863. 2nd Division, Artillery Reserve, Dept. of the Cumberland, to April, 1864. Garrison Artillery, Murfreesboro, Tenn., Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1864. 1st Brigade, Defences Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, Dept. of the Cumberland, to July, 1865.
SERVICE.--Duty along the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad from Grafton to the Ohio River till August 21, 1861. Moved to Cheat Mountain Summit August 21. Action at Cheat Mountain September 12-17. Cheat Mountain Pass September 14-15. Greenbrier October 3-4. Moved to Huttonsville November 25, and duty there till February 27, 1862. Expedition to Camp Baldwin December 11-13, 1861. Buffalo Mountain December 12-13. Raid to Huntersville December 31-January 5, 1862. At Elkwater till March. Expedition on the Seneca April 1-12. At Staunton to May 7. Battle of McDowell May 8. Franklin May 10-12. Battle of Cross Keys June 8. Pope's Campaign in Northern Virginia August 16-September 2. Fords of the Rappahannock August 21-23. Freeman's Ford and Hazel Run August 22. Battle of Groveton August 29. Battle of Bull Run August 30. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till December. Moved to Fredericksburg, Va., December 12-16. "Mud March" January 20-24, 1863. Chancellorsville Campaign April 27-May 6. Duty in the Defences of Washington, D.C., till September. Moved to Bridgeport, Ala., September 25-October 6. Garrison duty at Nashville, Tenn., till April, 1864, and at Murfreesboro, Tenn., till July, 1865. Defence of Murfreesboro December 5-12, 1864. Wilkinson's Pike December 7. Mustered out July 12, 1865. Battery lost during service 3 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 17 by disease. Total 20.
Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.
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Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens
Last updated November 20 2012