1st Ohio Independent Battery

compiled by Larry Stevens

References for this Unit

Unidentified Comrade
1st Independent Battery OV Light Artillery
Courtesy of and Copyright © Dennis Keesee Collection


Organized July 6, 1861, under Captain James R. McMullen, it served in West Virginia under Generals Cox and Rosecrans and temporarily in the Army of the Potomac, to assist in the battles of South Mountain and Antietam. It joined General Hunter's expedition against Lynchburg and engaged the enemy at Lexington. It suffered severely in the disasterous retreat from Lynchburg, having marched 1,000 miles. In July, 1864, it joined Averill's Brigade and fought the enemy near Winchester. It performed guard duty at Harper's Ferry until the spring of 1865, and after Lee's surrender it did garrison duty at Washington. It was finally mustered out June 26, 1865.

From Dyer's Compendium

1st Independent Battery Light Artillery. Organized at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio, and mustered in August 6, 1861. Ordered to the Kanawha Valley. W. Va. Attached to Cox's Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to September, 1861. Benham's Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to October, 1861. 1st Brigade, District of the Kanawha, W. Va., to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, W. Va., to August, 1862. 1st Brigade, Kanawha Division, 9th Army Corps, Army of the Potomac, to October, 1862. 3rd Brigade, Kanawha Division, W. Va., Dept. of Ohio, to March, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, 8th Army Corps, Middle Department, to June, 1863. 2nd Brigade, Scammon's Division, Army of West Virginia, to December, 1863. 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division, West Virginia, to April, 1864. Artillery, 2nd Infantry Division, West Virginia, to July, 1864. Artillery Brigade, West Virginia, to August, 1864. Artillery Reserve Division, Harper's Ferry, W. Va., to April, 1865. 3rd Brigade; Hardins' Division, 22nd Army Corps, Defences of Washington, to June, 1865.
SERVICE.--Action at Carnifex Ferry, W. Va., September 10, 1861. Moved to Camp Anderson and Big Sewell Mountain September 15-23, thence to Camp Anderson October 6-9. Operations in the Kanawha Valley and New River Region October 19-November 16. Moved to Gauley and duty there till May, 1862. Advance on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad April 22-May 1. Princeton May 11, 16 and 17. At Flat Top Mountain till August. Movement to Washington, D.C., August 15-24. Maryland Campaign September 6-22. Battles of South Mountain September 14; Antietam September 16-17. Moved to Clear Springs October 8, thence to Hancock and march to the Kanawha Valley, W. Va., October 9-November 17, via Clarksburg, Summerville, Gauley Bridge and Kanawha Falls. Duty at Kanawha Falls (Falls of the Great Kanawha) till March, 1863, and at Charleston till April, 1864. Fayetteville May 17-20, 1863 (Section). Operations against Morgan's Raid in Ohio July 2-26, 1863. Scammon's Demonstration from Kanawha Valley December 8-25. Lewisburg and Greenbrier River December 12, 1863. Crook's Raid on Virginia & Tennessee Railroad May 3-19, 1864. Battle of Cloyd's Mountain May 9. New River Bridge May 10. Salt Pond Gap, Pond Mountain Gap, May 13. Hunter's Expedition to Lynchburg May 26-July 1. Lexington June 11. Diamond Hill June 17. Lynchburg June 17-18. Buford's Gap June 20. Salem June 21. Moved to Shenandoah Valley July 12-15. Action at Bunker Hill July 19. Stephenson's Depot, Carter's Farm, July 20. Battle of Winchester July 24. Retreat to Williamsport, Md.; thence ordered to Martinsburg, W. Va., and duty there guarding stores till March, 1865. Moved to Harper's Ferry, thence to Washington, D.C., and duty in the Defences of that city till June. Mustered out June 26, 1865. Battery lost during service 1 Officer and 6 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and 15 Enlisted men by disease. Total 22.

Thanks to Dr. Richard A. Sauers for the initial research and indexing of the National Tribune articles.

More about the Civil War in Ohio.

Copyright © 1995 Larry Stevens

Last updated July 12 2008